In the New Testament, there is an evidence that there is a “scheduled prayer” and were followed by the Apostles. There is a “place” and “time” followed by the disciples of Christ, which they usually do at the temple.
Act 3:1 Now Peter and John went up together into the temple at the hour of prayer, being the ninth hour.
From where do they follow this prayer’s customs? From the Old Testament, God choose the temple as their place of worship. This is where they will offer sacrifices, tithes and offerings to the Lord God. From there, they will eat before the Lord and worship Him. This is the designated place of giving thanks and prayers.
Deu 12:5 But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, even unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come:
Deu 12:6 And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks:
Deu 12:7 And there ye shall eat before the LORD your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee.
This is the Temple located in Jerusalem, where they usually do their holy services.
Act 8:26 And the angel of the Lord spake unto Philip, saying, Arise, and go toward the south unto the way that goeth down from Jerusalem unto Gaza, which is desert.
Act 8:27 And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship,
But there is a record of evidence that it is not only in Jerusalem that they perform their services, during the early days, they usually do it in the mountain (in this verse, Bible scholars believe that this is Mount Gerizim). This was said by a woman who approached JESUS which place are we to worship God.
Joh 4:19 The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.
Joh 4:20 Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship
And what did Jesus answer to the lady?
Joh 4:21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
Joh 4:22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
Joh 4:23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
Joh 4:24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
This was the explanation of Jesus regarding worship. In worship, we usually pray and in praying we worship God. Here, He tells us that “place” is not important for prayer or worship as long as we do it the right way. And true worshipers know how to worship and offer prayers. Jesus is trying to tell that it is not wrong to pray in mountains and in temples, as long as we are doing it properly. The place does not matter now as He was trying to explain. Remember He tells that “For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.” (Matthew 18:20)
So, in any place, as long as the gathering is in behalf of His name, God is in the midst of it. Jesus is teaching us that a physical place or location is not so much of importance.
Now, the question is this, since the place is not important any more for gatherings and prayers, is there any other place that we can say our prayers? 1Ti 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting. Is this literally “every where?” If we will read the verse before it, it says “Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.” Paul is referring to the church where He was called to be a preacher and an Apostle of the Gentiles.
This church is not actually a place but an assembly of people who received the same faith with God. This is where they will do the worship, prayers and holy services intended to God because this is where they are called to do the sanctification before God…and it says to “every place” who call upon the name of Jesus. Isn’t it the same as “every where?”
1Co 1:1 Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,
1Co 1:2 Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:
The church is the house of God where duty and services are held. (1 Timothy 3: 15) This is the same church that we are imitating – the church of God in Judea, which are in Christ Jesus (1 Thes. 2:14).
In the Old Testament, God’s eyes and ears are always in the house of God.
2Ch 7:14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.
1Ki 8:41 Moreover concerning a stranger, that is not of thy people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for thy name’s sake;
1Ki 8:42 (For they shall hear of thy great name, and of thy strong hand, and of thy stretched out arm;) when he shall come and pray toward this house;
1Ki 8:43 Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as do thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.
What do we think is the reason why the Bible told us to continue on praying and pray without ceasing?
“The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.” This was said by Christ in Matthew 26: 41, He is trying to tell us that to overcome the weaknesses that we have, we must not cease on praying, because only prayers can overcome incontinence. Paul said “that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.” This is the ultimate way to make Satan withdraw from tempting us.